Sapphirine Gurnard

February 11th, 2016 No comments

Sapphirine Gurnard

Sapphirine Gurnard (Chelidonicthys lucernus)

480px Helidonichthys spinosus Sapphirine Gurnard saltwater fish

The comical-looking gurnard is a member of a family of hardheaded walking fish. Bony plates and hard spines cover its large head. Part of the gurnard’s pectoral fins (the pair of fins beneath its belly) are fashioned into three pairs of fingerlike legs. Standing on “tiptoe,” the gurnard scuttles across the ocean bed, looking for slow-moving prey. Its unique legs are very sensitive. With them the fish can taste and smell, as well as touch. The gurnard is often seen delicately probing the gravel and mud for food. Among its favorite prey are pink and brown shrimp, soft-shelled crabs, and mollusks such as scallops and cockles.

Gurnard in Wikipedia:

Gurnard get their name from their large pectoral fins, which, when swimming, open and close like a bird’s wings in flight.
They are bottom dwelling fish, living at depths of up to 200 m (660 ft). Most species are around 30 to 40 cm (12 to 16 in) in length. They have an unusually solid skull, and many species also possess armored plates on the body. Another distinctive feature is the presence of a “drumming muscle” that makes sounds by beating against the swim bladder. When caught, they make a croaking noise similar to a frog, which has given them the onomatopoeic name gurnard.

The sapphirine gurnard—the largest gurnard in the Mediterranean Sea—is named for the brilliant color of its pectoral fins. Like sapphire gems, the fins range in color from pinkish violet to peacock blue. As the fish grows older, its blue fins become spotted with white or green dots. The beautiful colors are evident only when the sapphirine spreads its fins.

This fish is very tasty and can be caught with a hook and long line, or scooped from the ocean bottom with a heavy net called a trawl. Most gurnard are harvested from the continental shelf, which is where the ocean bottom slopes down from the beach to deep water. In late summer, many young gurnard are born in shallow bays and estuaries. They swim to deeper waters by their first winter.

Scientific classification:class: Bony fishes

order Mail-cheeked fishes

family: Sea robins

length: up to 30 inches

weight: up to 13 pounds

diet: small fish, shrimp, crabs, mollusks, and worms

method of reproduction: egg layer

home: eastern Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea


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Aquarium and Fish Care

February 10th, 2016 No comments

Aquarium and Fish Care

Aquarium and Fish Care

In all there are more than 20,000 types of fish. There is virtually no way possible anyone can outline how to care for fish and aquariums in a single group of articles. About the best that anyone can do is give you a few basic concepts, care instructions, etc, and allow you to go from there. Since aquariums, rather water and fish produce toxins you will want to learn about such toxins in aquarium and fish care.

Aquariums are containers which provide fish a habitat filled with water. Aquariums are often shaped like boxes, which fish and related aquatic animals, as well as plants are stored. The water supplies oxygen and/or air for fish to breathe, which means the water must be constantly maintained in order for the fish and plants to survive. Temperature is important as well, since unlike furry critters, fish cannot control their essence of temperature. Dehumidifiers and humidifiers can help you maintain a balanced temperature in the air, which will affect water. Ultimately, you have fish gauges, which help you to monitor the temperatures in water.

In addition, fish in tanks or aquariums are subject to bacteria and toxins. Since, bacteria and toxins are produced faster in aquariums for the reason that unlike land, fish in water do not have natural fighters against such contaminants. With this in mind, we see that fish require high eminence of water to survive. In addition, aquariums often tank salt water creatures, as well as fresh water fish. It is important that you understand the difference and how to maintain water supply for both species. Still, the two are similar in comparison as far as fish care.

How do I eliminate toxins?

First, you must understand toxins in order to eliminate them. Fish will produce a degree of toxins; as well, water supplies produce its volume of toxins, such as copper, metals, chlorine, etc. Toxins spent by fish are wasted items coming from the fish life-sustaining chemicals, known as metabolism. Fish then produce pungent gases, which are colorless and highly water soluble.

Water supply often has CHLORAMINE or Chlorine combined, which are additives to fish tanks that work to purify the water. The chemicals combine to eliminate or minimize the growth of bacteria. Bacteria, develops in water pipes, drinking fountains, ground water, etc.

Now to answer your question, you will need a test kit to maintain toxic waste. You can use the kit to test the waters, thus making sure that the aquarium is not overly contaminated. You will also need filters, and pre-treatment water to balance your aquarium.

How do I find pre-treated water?

Water mixed with 1 milligram of sodium THIO-sulfate, includes ten gallons of fresh water combined with 1% sodium will remove toxins such as chlorine. In addition, you can purchase products, which include chemicals that will remove CHLORAMINE and Chlorine respectively. You have the option of removing toxins from aquariums by exposing the tank to air, which allows circulation of air to penetrate the aquarium. Furthermore, you can combine gas converting it to liquids, which charge, or activates carbons. The carbon dioxide will bubble, which removes toxins as well. (Learn more about Aerating before combing gas and liquids)

Using your test kit you will know if the tank has metals, or coppers in the water. If your water supply has copper and metal you will need to purchase spring water, or purified water to remove toxins. Ultimately you can purchase hepa products, which include water purifiers to connect to your tap water. The product will eliminate metal, copper, and other contaminates, thus purifying your water supply.