Help in Aquarium and Fish Care

July 22nd, 2014 No comments
Title:

Help in Aquarium and Fish Care




Help in Aquarium and Fish Care


Currently there is more than 20,000 fishfish – Collective Term (includes Molluscs And Crustaceans) For Any Aquatic Animal That Is Harvested., which to instruct you on care would be time consuming. Therefore, we will cover the basics in tank management to provide you a bit of help. Unlike furry critters on land, fish dodo – Dissolved Oxygen. not have coats that protect them. Therefore, water temperaturetemperature – The Range Of Warmth A Species Can Tolerate, Noted In Both Degrees Celsius And Fahrenheit. is important. If the water temperature is too high, oxygenoxygen – All Aquatic Animals, Including Fish And Invertebrates, Need Dissolved Oxygen In Their Water To Survive. So Do The Bacteria That Perform The Crucial Task Of Biological Filtration. Maintaining Adequate Levels Of Oxygen Is Extremely Important And Often Overlooked; You Can Use Test Kits If You Aren't Sure, Or Add An Air Pump. supply is minimized. On the other hand if the water temperature is too low, it can affect the health of your fish. Along with your aquariumaquarium – An Enclosure, Such As A Glass Tank, Outfitted With Lifesupport Equipment For The Purpose Of Keeping Underwater Animals And Plants Alive. purchase, you should have received a manual, or instruction brochure. It is important to read the material soso – Significant Other. that you know exactly what temperature and gravity is required to maintain healthy fish. If you have goldfishgoldfish – Common, Fancy, Shubunkin, Ryukin, Lionhead, More. it is recommended to keep the temperature at 75 degrees Fahrenheit. If you have tropicaltropical – Being Within The Latitudinal Zone Bounded By The Two Tropics (23? 27' North And South Latitude). fish the temperature should be set at 75 degrees Fahrenheit, or 80 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

With your aquarium you should supply a thermometer, and sometimes a heaterheater – A Device Used To Heat The Water In An Aquarium. Heaters Vary In Size And Style Including Drop-in Types And Submersible Sump Types. They Feature An Adjustable Thermostat To Maintain The Water At A Constant Temperature. The Size And Wattage Of A Heater Required Will Depend On The Water Volume Of A Tank. depending on the type of fish you have. Goldfish for example can stand lower temperatures at times.

How is water measured?

Water is measured in pHph – A Measure Of The "activation Potential" Of Hydrogen Cations In Water. Measured With A Number That Is The Negative Of The Base 10 Logarithm Of The Molar Concentration Of Hydrogen Cations. Numbers Above 7 Indicate An Alkaline Ph, Well Numbers Below 7 Indicate A Negative Ph. A Ph Of 7 Is Neutral., which depends on the sourness. Again, it depends on the type of fish you have. If you have saltwater fish, the water is measured at 7.8 up to 8.3. Freshwaterfreshwater – Water That Does Not Contain Significant Amounts Of Dissolved Solids Of Any Type. It Is Generally Found In Inland Lakes, Rivers, Creeks And The Like. fish measures at 6.8 up to 7.2. You want to monitor the pH measurements of water; since the higher the water is measured the more ammoniaammonia (nh3) – Toxic Chemical Byproduct Produced During The Breakdown Of Proteins In Uneaten Fish Food, Decaying Wastes, Or Excreted By Fish Through Natural Metabolic Processes. It Is Converted Into Nitrite And Then Nitrate By Naturally Occuring Beneficial Bacteria In A Process Called The Nitrogen Cycle. is produced. If the water temperature is too low it can become harmful to bacteriabacteria – A Single-celled Organism. There Are Useful Bacteria In Your Aquarium, Like Nitrosomonas Which Will Convert Ammonia To Nitrite. See Also The Nitrogen Cycle. Other Type Of Bacteria Can Cause Disease. denitrifying growth, as well as to the gills of your fish. You can purchase buffers, and test kits to maintain pH balance in fish water. Furthermore, gravity is measured in water as well as oxygen, which will discuss shortly.

How much oxygen do fish need?

Oxygen for fish, land animals, and human beings is essential to survival. Without sufficient oxygen the brain will die, which in turn kills the body. Water as well as air, supplies oxygen to fish tanks: You can increase oxygen by using pumps or air supply, which will provide turbulenceturbulence – Refers To How Rapid And Strong The Water Movement Is. that creates oxygen. In addition, if you keep the water cool it will augment oxygen supply.

How is gravity measured?

Gravity is based on the amount of chemicals added to the water. If you supply your aquarium with unadulterated water it has a 1.0 gravity in ionic. If your fish come from saltwater you should have a gravity level nono – Normal Output Fluorescent Lighting. higher than 1.023, however you can reduce illnesses for saltwater fish by keeping the gravity level at 1.017. Non-marinemarine – Refers To A Saltwater Aquarium Or Environment. or freshwater fish can benefit from a low volume of saltsalt – A Generic Term Which Scientifically Refers To A Cation And An Anion. However, In Aquatics, It Refers To The Proper Combination Of Inorganic Salts, Composed Mainly Of Sodium And Magnesium Chloride. added to the water, especially to reduce stress. You can purchase refactometers and test kits to maintain gravity level.

How do I maintain saltwater fish aquariums?

This is a stressful question; since saltwater fish are marine creatures that habitathabitat – Where A Species Lives. in environments where changes are consistent. As well, it depends on the type of aquarium you’ve purchased to keep the fish. If you’ve purchased a larger aquarium it is easy to maintain saltwater fish by keeping the environment stable. If you haven’t already purchased saltwater fish take note that the Damsel’s is an aggressive saltwater fish that does not mate well with other fish. However, this type of fish is easier to maintain than a wide array of other saltwater fish.

In conclusion, to learn more about aquariums and fish care visit the internet where you will find a wide assortment of inforamtion available to you.

Tip: Damsels is a beginners saltwater fish that demands little attention.

Lake Sturgeon

July 22nd, 2014 No comments
Title:

Lake Sturgeon




Lake Sturgeon

Acipenser fulvescens

Unlike most fish, the body of the lake sturgeon is not covered with scales. Instead, there are five rows of large, bony plates on the top and sides of the body.

The lake sturgeon lives on the bottom of lakes and large rivers. It prefers shallow waters, where it moves slowly over sand, mud, and gravel, looking for food. The sturgeon’s small, toothless mouth is located on the underside of its head. In front of the mouth are four whiskers, or barbels. Around the outside of the mouth are taste buds. The whiskers and taste buds are used to locate food. When a sturgeon finds something tasty, it puckers its mouth and sucks in the food.

Lake sturgeons mate and spawn (lay eggs) in May and June. The eggs are sticky, and adhere to rocks and other solid objects underwater. The eggs hatch about a week after they are laid.

Lake sturgeons have a long life span. They can live to be 75 years of age or even older. But old, large lake sturgeons are very rare. Lake-sturgeon populations have been greatly reduced throughout most of the species’s range. Overfishing has been a major problem. People kill lake sturgeons for their meat and for their eggs, which are salted and called caviar. People have caught lake sturgeons faster than the species can reproduce itself. Dams and water pollution have also killed many of these creatures.

class: Bony fishes

order Sturgeons and paddlefishes

family: Sturgeons

length: up to 9 feet

weight: up to 70 pounds

diet: crayfish, mollusks, insects, and fish eggs

method of reproduction: egg layer

home: United States and Canada

Other:

  • Walking Catfish
  • Oyster Toadfish
  • Sea Lamprey
Categories: Freshwater Fish Tags: ,